Current Affairs 30th November 2018

current affairs 2019

Important Current Affairs 30th November 2018

  • Passport Seva Project launched
    • The government of India launched ‘Passport Seva Project’ (PSP) in major consulates in the United States.
    • The aim is to simplify the overall passport applications procedure and reduce the turnaround time for applicants from 10 days to 48 hours or less.
    • PSP prints Indian passports in the US and reduces turnaround for applicants.
  • Congo’s Ebola outbreak is the second deadliest
    • According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the current Ebola epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo is now the second largest and second deadliest in history.
    • The latest outbreak in Congo, which began in August 2018, has a case fatality rate of 57%.
    • The deadliest outbreak occurred in West Africa in 2014, where more than 11,000 people were killed due to Ebola.
  • A report on HIV and AIDS released by UNICEF
    • The report titled ‘Children, HIV and AIDS: The World in 2030’ was released by UNICEF on 29 November 2018.
    • According to the report, in India, an estimated 120,000 children and adolescents aged 0-19 were living with HIV in 2017.
    • The report noted that South Asia has made substantial progress in reducing HIV risks and vulnerability among children, adolescents, pregnant women and mothers.
  • 2nd International Ambedkar Conclave inagurated
    • The President of India, Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the 2nd ‘International Ambedkar Conclave’ on 30 November 2018 in New Delhi.
    • The conclave is the part of the commemoration of Constitution Day.
    • The Conclave is being organised by the Forum of SC and ST Legislators and Parliamentarians and the Dr Ambedkar Chamber of Commerce.
  • ‘Chidaoba’ wrestling got UNESCO heritage tag
    • Georgian traditional wrestling called ‘chidaoba’ won recognition from UNESCO as a global cultural asset on 29 November 2018.
    • The UNESCO had added it to its list of ‘intangible cultural heritage’.
    • A match ‘chidaoba’ lasts for five minutes, during which wrestlers wearing traditional high-necked woollen coats try to defeat their opponent using various holds.
  • Manav Thakkar won Portugal Open TT
    • Table tennis player Manav Thakkar won the singles and doubles titles at the Portugal Junior and Cadet Open on 29 November 2018.
    • Manav defeated Jeet Chandra in the singles final match.
    • Manav partnered with Manush Shah to win the doubles title.
    • Previously, he won the bronze medal in the U-21 singles category in the ITTF Challenge Belarus Open on 16 November 2018.
  • India to chair Kimberley Process from Jan 2019
    • India will chair the Kimberley Process (KP) from January 2019.
    • KP is a global initiative to remove conflict diamonds from the global supply chain.
    • The conflict diamonds are used by rebel movements to finance wars against legitimate governments in the world.
    • India is the founding member of Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS).
  • Irish sport of hurling won heritage status
    • The Irish sport of ‘hurling’ was granted UNESCO’s special status of ‘Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity’ on 29 November 2018.
    • The game is played by teams of 15 on a pitch with ‘H’ shaped goals at either end.
    • According to UNESCO, Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) is made up of oral traditions, performing arts, social practices, rituals and festive events.
  • Dialogue on health system organised
    • NITI Aayog began a series of ‘Development Dialogues’ from 30 November 2018.
    • It will engage experts, thought leaders and government stakeholders across key avenues of long-term social and economic development.
    • The first event was a conference on ‘Health Systems for A New India: Building Blocks’.
    • The conference will feature senior government functionaries and experts in the healthcare space.
  • Magnus won the ‘World Chess Championship 2018’
    • World number one Norwegian Magnus Carlsen has won the ‘World Chess Championship’ title on 28 November 2018.
    • He defeated Fabiano Caruana from the United States in a tie-breaker event.
    • He won the ‘World Chess Championship’ title for the fourth time.
    • He won his first ‘World Chess Championship’ title in 2013 by beating Indian grandmaster Viswanathan Anand.
  • Georgia elects its first woman President
    • Salome Zurabishvili has won Georgia’s presidential election on 29 November 2018.
    • She became the first woman President of Georgia.
    • She was the former French Diplomat.
    • She was the former Foreign Minister of Georgia.
    • The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi and its currency is Georgian Lari.
  • Indian economy likely to grow at 7-7.4%
    • According to a report by the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER), the Indian economy is projected to grow at 7–7.4% in 2018-19.
    • The real agriculture Gross Value Added (GVA) is envisaged to grow at 3% and real industry GVA at 7% in 2018-19.
    • NCAER is a New Delhi based non-profit think tank of economics.
  • Slovenia appoints first female army chief
    • Slovenia has become the only NATO country to appoint a woman as head of its army.
    • Maj Gen Alenka Ermenc took up the post of Chief of Staff of the Slovenian army on 28 November 2018.
    • Maj Gen Ermenc is currently serving as the army’s Deputy-Chief of Staff.
    • She began her military career in 1991 when the country won its independence from the former Yugoslavia.
  • Global Nutrition Report 2018 released
    • The ‘Global Nutrition Report 2018’ was released on 29 November 2018.
    • According to the report, Forty-six million children in India are stunted because of malnutrition.
    • In India, high rates of malnutrition lead to anaemia, low birth rates, and delayed development.
    • The report is an independently produced annual analysis of the state of the world’s nutrition.
  • Keshav Ginde to get Pt. Bhimsen Joshi award
    • Renowned flautist Pandit Keshav Ginde will be conferred with the prestigious ‘Bharat Ratna Pandit Bhimsen Joshi Lifetime Achievement Award 2018’ for classical music.
    • The award has been instituted by Maharashtra Governement.
    • The award honours maestros in classical music and singing, and carries a cash award of Rs 500,000, a memento and a citation.
  • India & China to hold joint military exercise
    • China and India will hold a joint 14-day military exercise ‘Hand in Hand’ in China’s Chengdu city from 10 December 2018.
    • It will promote understanding between the two militaries and improve their capabilities in fighting terrorism.
    • The exercise is being held after a gap of one year as both the sides were locked in a standoff in Doklam in the Sikkim sector of the border in 2017.
  • LEI mandatory for market participants
    • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has made the Legal Entity Identifier (LEI) code mandatory for all participants undertaking transactions in the markets regulated by the RBI.
    • The LEI is a 20-character unique identity code assigned to entities who are parties to a financial transaction.
    • The LEI code is a measure to improve the quality and accuracy of financial data systems.
  • ‘Cope India 2019’ will be held in West Bengal
    • Air forces of the United States and India are scheduled to participate in a 12-day joint exercise ‘Cope India 2019’ in West Bengal.
    • The exercise will be held from 3-14 December 2018.
    • The ‘Cope India’ exercise is being held after a gap of eight years, with the last one having taken place in 2010.
    • ‘Cope India’ was first held in 2004 as a fighter training exercise at Air Station Gwalior.
  • Interest subsidy for exporters increased to 5%
    • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) increased the interest subsidy on the post and pre-shipment export credit from 3% to 5%.
    • This move will boost the exports of the Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector manufacturers.
    • The increased subsidy is applicable from 2 November 2018.
    • Exporters get the subsidy under the ‘Interest Equalisation Scheme on Pre & Post Shipment Rupee Export Credit’.
  • Norms eased for NBFCs to securitise loan books
    • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) relaxed norms for Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) to securitise their loan books.
    • They have been permitted to securitise loans of over five-year maturity after holding them for six months on their books.
    • The RBI has also prescribed certain ‘Minimum Retention Requirement’ (MRR) for NBFCs for availing the relaxed norms.

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